Joey LIU | NANTSOU


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/**
 * use 3 pointers to find the 3 elements that the sum is 0. 
 */
class Solution {
    public List<List<Integer>> threeSum(int[] nums) {
        List<List<Integer>> res = new ArrayList<>();
        if (nums == null || nums.length < 3) {
            return res;
        }
        Arrays.sort(nums);
        for (int i = 0; i < nums.length - 2; i++) {
            if (nums[i] > 0) {
                break;
            }
            if (i > 0 && nums[i] == nums[i - 1]) {
                continue;
            }
            int left = i + 1;
            int right = nums.length - 1;
            while (left < right) {    
                int sum = nums[i] + nums[left] + nums[right];
                if (sum == 0) {
                    res.add(Arrays.asList(nums[i], nums[left], nums[right]));
                    left++;
                    right--;
                    while (left < right && nums[left] == nums[left - 1]) {
                        left++;
                    }
                    while (left < right && nums[right] == nums[right + 1]) {
                        right--;
                    }
                } else if (sum < 0) {
                    left++;
                    while (left < right && nums[left] == nums[left - 1]) {
                        left++;
                    }
                } else {
                    right--;
                    while (left < right && nums[right] == nums[right + 1]) {
                        right--;
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        return res;
    }
}